Knee Pain, Total Knee Replacement, Knee Ligament Injuries
The total knee replacement is one of the great success stories of 20th century physical medicine.
Total Knee Replacement
Total knee replacement has matured over recent years into a well-accepted medical intervention with excellent and predictable results. The benefits of total knee replacement are pain relief, undisturbed sleep, functional range of motion of the joint and painless weight bearing on your knee when walking.
Osteoarthritis is the main condition for which knee replacement is considered, with rheumatoid arthritis also important. The arthritic surfaces of the joint are replaced by metal components. Total knee replacement produces some of the largest improvements in quality of life of all medical treatments
Total knee replacement operations are performed by highly skilled and specialist surgeons in major hospital units. To get a knee replacement you need to be referred by your GP to a private or NHS consultant orthopaedic knee specialist. After your total knee replacement you will need intensive physiotherapy rehabilitation for up to three months to ensure you get the best from your new knee.
The following resources provide much of what you need to know about a total knee replacement procedure and the rehabilitiation phase.
The normal knee is fairly robust, but knee injuries are nevertheless common, and include patellar dislocation, jumper’s knee, worsening of Osgood-Schlatter’s syndrome (commonly suffered by active teenagers), cruciate ligament injuries, medial and lateral ligament injury, meniscal (cartilage) tears, joint cartilage damage and in the longer term, osteoarthritis.
A particularly common injury which is difficult to treat is ligament damage. These injuries are discussed on the various pages set out below
A knee injury benefits from early treatment by a physiotherapist who is skilled in diagnosing the problem and in the management of acute knee injuries. Longer term rehabilitation of knee injuries is important for future prevention of knee injury and restoration of normal knee function.
A major cause of knee pain is osteoarthritis, but knee joint pain can be caused by many conditions including kneecap problems, jumper’s knee, Osgood Schlatter's Syndrome, OSD, cruciate ligament injury, medial and lateral ligament injury, meniscal tears and joint cartilage damage.
Getting the correct diagnosis and treatment for your knee pain from a physiotherapist is very important, as this can prevent a worsening of your knee pain and stop it developing into a more serious problem.
Knee arthroscopy is the main diagnostic and treatment operation used by specialist knee surgeons for knee pain, as it clearly visualises the interior structures of the knee. Many conditions can be treated by arthroscopy which is minimally invasive and allows a rapid and short rehabilitative period back to normal function.
Severe knee pain is common in elderly people and mostly due to osteoarthritis of the knee. Total knee replacement is a very successful surgical intervention for arthritic knee pain.